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Cette vidéo vous montre comment installer Joomla avec Nginx sur Debian 10 VPS. Joomla est un système de gestion de contenu qui vous permet de développer des sites Web et de publier facilement du contenu Web de manière conviviale. Il est open-source, gratuit à utiliser et est construit sur un cadre d’application Web de modèle-vue-contrôleur mobile-ready. Il a des milliers de fonctionnalités et de designs, ce qui en fait un bon pari pour la construction de sites professionnels.

==============================
INITIAL SERVER SETUP DEBAIN 10
==============================
Login to Server:
ssh [email protected]_server_ip

apt update -y && apt upgrade -y

adduser debian

usermod -a -G sudo debian

Configure SSH :
nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config

Add and change the information:
Port 22500
Protocol 2
PermitRootLogin no

Add to End of File :
UseDNS no
AllowUsers debian

Save and Close

Restart SSH service:
systemctl restart ssh.service

Logout:

Ctrl+D

Login using user with sudo privilages:
ssh -p 22500 [email protected]_address

==============================
INSTALL NGINX, PHP AND MARIADB
==============================
Install Nginx, MariaDB, PHP, and other PHP modules :
sudo apt install nginx mariadb-server mariadb-client php-common php-fpm php-cli php-gd php-mysql php-intl php-zip php-mbstring php-json php-xml php-xmlrpc php-curl unzip wget git curl -y

Open the php.ini file:
sudo nano /etc/php/7.3/fpm/php.ini

Make the following changes:
post_max_size = 256M
memory_limit = 512M
max_execution_time = 300
upload_max_filesize = 128M
output_buffering = Off
date.timezone = America/Chicago //optional

using sed:
sed -i "s/post_max_size = .*/post_max_size = 256M/" /etc/php/7.3/fpm/php.ini
sed -i "s/memory_limit = .*/memory_limit = 512M/" /etc/php/7.3/fpm/php.ini
sed -i "s/max_execution_time = .*/max_execution_time = 300/" /etc/php/7.3/fpm/php.ini
sed -i "s/upload_max_filesize = .*/upload_max_filesize = 128M/" /etc/php/7.3/fpm/php.ini
sed -i "s/output_buffering = .*/output_buffering = Off/" /etc/php/7.3/fpm/php.ini


Save and Close :
Ctrl O+X

Restart PHP-FPM service:
sudo systemctl restart php7.3-fpm.service

==============================
CONFIGURE NGINX FOR JOOMLA
==============================
Create Document Root directory:
sudo mkdir -v /var/www/linuxscoop # change with your own root directory

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/linuxscoop.cc

------------------------------
server {
listen 80;
listen [::]:80;
root /var/www/linuxscoop;
server_name linuxscoop.cc www.linuxscoop.cc; # change with your own domain

index index.php;

charset utf-8;

access_log /var/log/nginx/linuxscoop_access.log;
error_log /var/log/nginx/linuxscoop_error.log;

location / {
try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
}

location ~ .php$ {
fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;
fastcgi_index index.php;
include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include /etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf;
}

}
------------------------------

sudo nginx -t

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/linuxscoop.cc /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

sudo systemctl restart nginx.service

sudo systemctl restart php7.3-fpm.service

==============================
CONFIGURE A JOOMLA DATABASE
==============================
sudo mysql_secure_installation

mysql -u root -p

Fix when can't login as root :
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/39281594/error-1698-28000-access-denied-for-user-rootlocalhost

CREATE DATABASE dbjoomla DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci;

GRANT ALL ON dbjoomla.* TO 'joomuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '[email protected]';

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

EXIT;

==============================
DOWNLOAD AND INSTALL JOOMLA
==============================
cd /tmp && wget https://downloads.joomla.org/cms/joomla3/3-9-18/Joomla_3-9-18-Stable-Full_Package.zip

sudo unzip Joomla*.zip -d /var/www/linuxscoop

sudo chown -Rv www-data:www-data /var/www/linuxscoop/

cd /var/www/linuxscoop

sudo find . -type d -exec chmod 0755 {} ;

sudo find . -type f -exec chmod 0644 {} ;


==============================
INSTALL AND CONFIGURE
LET'S ENCRYPT SSL CERTIFICATE
==============================
sudo apt install python3-acme python3-certbot python3-mock python3-openssl python3-pkg-resources python3-pyparsing python3-zope.interface
sudo apt install python3-certbot-nginx
sudo certbot --nginx -d linuxscoop.cc -d www.linuxscoop.cc

Renew :
sudo certbot renew --dry-run

==============================
SETTING UP FIREWALL
==============================
sudo apt install ufw
sudo ufw enable
sudo ufw app list
sudo ufw allow 22500/tcp comment 'Open port ssh tcp port 22500'
sudo ufw allow 80
sudo ufw allow 443
sudo ufw status

==============================
COMPLETE JOOMLA SETUP
==============================
Install Drupal through Web Browser

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